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    Canada’s Energy Production and Transmission

    This map illustrates the nation’s significant energy-production sites, the major pipe and transmission lines and the country’s energy processing facilities. Combined, an energy road map emerges that shows just where our energy comes from the routes it takes to help power our lives.

    What is Primary Energy Production?

    Primary energy production refers to the production of energy that is found in nature, before conversion or transformation (i.e., crude oil before it is processed into gasoline). Primary energy production encompasses all forms of energy, including electricity and heat.

    Primary energy production by type

    Note about generalizations used on this map

    This is map was created to give users an overview of Canada’s key energy production facilities and regions and the ‘to’ and ‘from’ of where Canada’s energy resources travel. In information dense areas, where pipelines and/or energy production facilities seem to sit on top of one another at this projection, our cartographer has shifted them slightly to make each visible.

    Note about data sources used for this map

    Land cover data: 2005 North American Land Cover. Produced by: NRCan/CCRS; USGS; and INEGI, CONABIO and CONAFOR. Digital Elevation Models: North of 60°: Canadian Digital Elevation Data (CDED) @ 1:250 000 provided by GeoBase®; South of 60°: Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) 90m data Greenland/Iceland/Russia topographic data and bathymetric data: ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model. Amante, C. and B. W. Eakins, ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24, 19 pp, March 2009. Canadian Base Data: Atlas of Canada Framework data, 1:1M. © Department of Natural Resources Canada. All rights reserved. U.S.A. Base Data: National Atlas 1 data, 1:1M. National Atlas of the United States, 2012,

    Oil and Gas Pipeline data provided by Pennwell Corporation. Electrical Power Line data derived from tabular data provided by Pennwell Corporation, and spatial data derived from CanVec 1:250K data, © Department of Natural Resources Canada. All rights reserved. Oil, Gas and Electrical Facility data derived from data provided by Pennwell Corporation and The Centre For Energy. Oil sands facility data derived from Alberta's Oil Sands Projects and Upgraders Map, Oil Sands Operations, Alberta Department of Energy, January 2013. Coal Mine data derived from Atlas of Canada 6th edition: Coal Resources, 2009. Uranium Mine data derived from Saskatchewan Mining Association online map, April, 2013:

    Show Info Spots

    Show Facilities

    • Oil Refinery/Upgrader
    • Oil Sands Thermal Project
    • Oil Sands Mine
    • Ethanol Plant
    • Offshore Oil Platform
    • Proposed Offshore Oil Platform

    Show Pipelines

    • Transmission/Gathering Pipelines
    • Proposed Transmission Pipelines
    • Proposed conversion from natural gas / transmission trunk
    • Crude oil imports/exports by sea
    • Diesel shipments by sea

    Crude Oil

    Canada has the world’s third largest oil reserves and is the globe’s sixth largest producer. The Athabasca oil sands deposit in northeastern Alberta is the largest source of oil in Canada, producing 1.5 million barrels per day in 2012, or two percent of world production.

    Production by Province

    Oil production by province

    Imports and Exports

    Import: 784,000
    Export: 1,700,000
    Net Export: 916,000*

    Measured in Barrels per day (bbl/d)

    1 barrel of oil = about 159 litres of gasoline.

    * Equivalent to more than 145.6 million litres of gasoline.

    Show Info Spots

    Show Facilities

    • Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) terminal
    • Proposed LNG terminal
    • Offshore natural gas platform
    • Natural Gas Processing Plant

    Show Pipelines

    • Natural Gas Pipelines
    • Liquide du gaz naturel
    • Proposed Pipelines

    Natural Gas

    Natural gas is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel and meets 30 per cent of Canada’s energy demand. In Canada, it is used for heating and electricity generation and can be converted into liquefied natural gas (LNG), making it easier to transport overseas.

    Production by Province

    Gas production by province

    Imports and Exports

    Import: 64,400,000
    Export: 272,100,000
    Net Export: 207,700,000*

    Measured in Cubic Metres per day (m3/d)

    1 m3 of natural gas = about enough to heat the average Canadian home for 3 hours.

    * Enough to heat about 77,000 new, average-sized single detached Canadian homes for one year.

    Show Info Spots

    Show Facilities

    • Hydro
    • Coal
    • Nuclear
    • Natural Gas
    • Fuel Oil
    • Wind
    • Solar
    • Biomass
    • Geothermal

    Show Transmission Lines

    • Transmission Lines

    Show Mines

    • Coal
    • Uranium


    In Canada, electricity is produced by a variety of energy sources depending on the region and is largely dependent on nearby resources. Hydro, biomass, solar, wind, nuclear, coal, natural gas and fuel oil are all used to generate electricity. However, the majority of Canada’ electricity, about 60%, is generated by hydropower.

    Production by Province

    Electricity production by province

    Current Connections

    Import: 18,700,000
    Export: 44,400,000
    Net Export: 25,700,000*

    Measured in Megawatt Hours (MWh)

    1 MW of electricity = enough to power approximately 667 toasters.

    * enough to power 2.1 million average Canadian homes for a year.


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