One of the most common types of biofuel is ethanol, produced mainly from corn.
Many people think biofuels are a new discovery, but in fact, the energy source has been around for at least a century. Biofuels come from plants, wood chips and wastes.
The most common types are ethanol, produced mainly from corn but also wheat and other feedstock in Canada, and biodiesel, created from animal fats, cooking oil and canola oil...
The most common types are ethanol, produced mainly from corn but also wheat and other feedstock in Canada, and biodiesel, created from animal fats, cooking oil and canola oil.
Supplement to fossil fuel
With concerns about climate change and emissions polluting the environment, as well as skyrocketing oil prices, biofuels offer a green alternative to fossil fuels. Ethanol can be added to gasoline, reducing the fossil fuel component in the gas and helping to decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Biodiesel cuts down reliance on regular diesel, also reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Biofuels can also be used to power fuel cells to generate electricity.
Canada’s biofuel production
Canada is merely a toddler in the biofuel industry, with only about two per cent of global production. The industry produced almost 1.8 billion litres of ethanol in 2016.
International biofuel industry
In 2016, biofuel production only made up four per cent of the global transport fuel market.
Biodiesel is used as a fuel in many European countries. In the United States, researchers are working towards using biofuels a replacement, at least in part, for fossil fuels. Brazil uses sugarcane to create ethanol, which in some cases is used in its pure form to run cars without the need for mixing it in with fossil fuels.
Biofuel production still faces many challenges and isn't without controversy. Conservationists worry about the energy that is being used to grow the plant matter necessary for biofuel production and whether it is an efficient energy source.
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