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    LNG explained: Liquified Natural Gas

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    When you hear about LNGs and NGLs in energy-related news, what do these acronyms mean? Are they interchangeable?

    Although similar on the surface, LNGs and NGLs (which are also refered to as HGLs) are actually pretty different. LNG stands for liquified natural gas. Whereas, NGL refers to natural gas liquids, which are sometimes called hydrocarbon gas liquids...

    Although similar on the surface, LNGs and NGLs (which are also refered to as HGLs) are actually pretty different. LNG stands for liquified natural gas. Whereas, NGL refers to natural gas liquids, which are sometimes called hydrocarbon gas liquids. 

    Hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGLs) are produced in natural gas processing plants and crude oil refineries. Although raw natural gas is composed mostly of methane, there are also some heavier hydrocarbons such as ethane and propane. These heavier hydrocarbons are liquified and used in the petrochemical industry for things like space heating, plastic manufacturing, and fuel. Alberta produces more than 80 per cent of these liquids.

    Liquified natural gas on the other hand is created when natural gas is cooled to -162 degrees Celsius. This makes it easier to transport and store. Canada’s only large-scale LNG terminal Canaport is located near Saint John, N.B. Canaport is a storage and regasification terminal. It stores the province’s liquified natural gas, as well as importing from Nova Scotia and northeastern United States. In 2016, Canaport imported about 11.6 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of liquefied natural gas. 

     

     

    Source:

    https://www.shell.com/energy-and-innovation/natural-gas/liquefied-natural-gas-lng.html

    https://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.php?page=natural_gas_lng

    https://www.canaportlng.com/lng-process

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