In Quebec, electric vehicles are becoming more and more common. Quebec accounts for nearly half of all electric vehicle sales in Canada. In fact, a region just north of Montréal, called Lanaudière, has even earned the nickname “electric car capital of Canada”. It boasts the highest electric car ownership per person in Quebec.
Several factors have helped make electric vehicles popular in Quebec: the province offers rebates for electric vehicles, there is new legislation in place for automakers that encourages the sale of electric vehicles and hybrids, and electricity in Quebec is cheaper than in the rest of the country.
Electric vehicles aren’t without environmental impacts, but those impacts come mainly from their manufacturing. The amount of energy it takes to make an electric car is about twice as much as for a conventional car, which is in part because of battery issues and lower lifetime mileage for electric cars. When it comes to driving, electric cars can be more environmentally friendly than conventional vehicles that use gasoline or diesel if they are powered by clean energy. This is especially true in Quebec, where the energy used to charge electric cars comes mainly from hydroelectricity, a relatively clean renewable source of energy.
In Quebec, liquid natural gas (LNG) has also made an appearance in transportation. Natural gas is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel and produces less GHG emissions than crude oil. Since 2011, some heavy trucks have been running on LNG, supported by three different refueling stations in Quebec. As for marine transport, Quebec‘s MV F.-A.-Gauthier has become the first ship in Canada to be fuelled by natural gas.
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