Author: Siobhan McClelland, Canadian Geographic
Publish Date: Oct 3, 2013 Last Update: Sep 21, 2018
As of 2014, Canada had over 5,130 wind turbines operating on 225 wind farms for a total installed capacity of 9,694 megawatts, compared with only 60 wind turbines, 8 wind farms and 27 megawatts in 1998. The provincial leaders in wind power capacity are Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta.
Alberta now ranks third in Canada with an installed wind energy capacity of 1,479 MW. The province’s wind farms produce enough electricity each year to power 625,000 homes, equivalent to about eight per cent of Alberta’s electricity demand.
In 2016, cumulative grid-connected wind capacity reached 466 GW (451 GW onshore wind and 15 GW offshore wind) and wind power accounted for almost 4% of global electricity generation globally.
Quebec, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island are leading producers of wind energy. Other small wind-generated electricity isolated systems are found across Canada. In 2015, wind farms accounted for 99 percent of electricity production in Prince Edward Island.
Electricity generated by wind farms may be used locally, or placed on the electric grid to power homes and businesses farther away.
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